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cascade.network
AMBAE—VANUATU
 CULTURAL COMMUNICATION & SELF-SOVEREIGNTY 

photo: Gina Kaltipli, Further Arts
How does wisdom travel?

What is Cascade Network?


Our mission is to put emerging communication technologies in service to the communication and cultural needs faced by communities relocating or in transition.

Cascade Network is researching and protoyping the creation of self-sovereign cultural and communication networks with communities in the Pacific. Each network is designed and owned by the community itself.

Through workshops with emerging technologies like Mixed Reality, Web VR and blockchain, we explore possibilities to support the communication of community wisdom. Holding artistic workshops using 360 video, binaural audio recording, photogrammetry as well as more experimental interactive solutions to document stories, wisdom and oral tradition with techniques that emphasise embodied communication and the land.


Beginnings


The Cascade Network has origin in 2015 at ONCA Gallery’s Festival of Climate Ideas and the #ArtCop21 during the Climate Talks in Paris 2015. The Cop21 clustered activists, artists, technologists and earth citizens to stand together for the planet and listen to the communities on the front lines of the Climate Crisis. 

During the meeting in Paris, a working relationship with the Leweton Community in Vanuatu and the NGO [Further Arts](http://www.furtherarts.org/) was initiated through artists Dr Toby Gifford and Kate Genevieve with the support of Dr Leah Barclay.

Festival of Climate Ideas ONCA ︎︎

ArtCop21 ︎︎

Creative communities


The Cascade grew with strong relationships between the Leweton Community, Further Arts, TransArtAlliance, Intercreate, Hitnet, Good of the Whole and WISN and connects diverse networks working for arts, media and indigenous rights.

During the evacuation of Ambae, the Ambae community asked Further Arts to support them in recording the stories of the island as community members permanently relocate to nearby islands. This invitation galvanised the Cascade Network to explore mobilising the creative and radical potentials of emerging digital technologies towards holding cultural knowledge with the aim of creating research towards supporting the cultural sovereignty of communities.

The network works together with the intention that - with trust, care and mutual respect - progressive network technologies can strengthen and respect creative cultural ownership and diverse ways of knowing.

CASCADE.NETWORK PROTOTYPE PAGE︎︎

VISUAL ESSAY ON SOM EXPEDITION ︎︎


CASCADE.NETWORK // TRANS-CULTURAL CONSTELLATIONS︎︎



Ambae // Network Prototype




We start at the beginning:

stories create value

photo: Gina Kaltipli, Further Arts


The Cascade Network is a creative R&D project looking to strengthen the work of Further Arts in supporting the people of Ambae record their own stories and culture as they are forced to leave their homelands. 

Recently The Independent ran the story of how Further Arts‘ cultural documentation during the Ambae evacuations of 2017 supported resilience and nurtured confidence. The people’s Paramount Chief, Benuel Garae, the President of the Ambae Island Council of Chiefs, has invited Further Arts to help the community document the stories of Ambae on their own terms as they face permanent evacuation due to the unstable activity of the island’s volcano. 

The Cascade Network looks to support this documentation mission with cutting edge immersive techniques and the development of a digital network to hold the immersive recordings in collaboration with Vanuatu Cultural Centre. We take care to use techniques that emphasise accessibility and embodied communication (eg. Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality, 360 Recordings and photogrammetry of the island) towards exploring how to make community owned immersive web portals - accessible to mobile phones on Vanuatu - to hold and encourage cultural expression after permanent evacuation.

As the people relocate to neighbouring islands there are serious questions around resources, work and how to continue creating value to sustain the displaced.

The Cascade Network is working with network technologies to explore how a specific value that a story creates can find digital life and also be inscribed in an object. These objects can be embedded with the coding of their own digital provenance creating possibilites for hybrid forms evolving craft practices and value exchange.

With our partners in acoustic ecology we have developed bespoke prototype technology built on open source RSA Public/Private key encryption, and utilising digital signatures and hash functions to establish and leverage digital provenance. This is essentially the same technology that underlies blockchain, but is open source and public, and can enable further features and flows of knowledge and value. Inherent within this work is creating with open tools that can allow for further evolutions and the potential for additional functionality to grow to support the community with network solutions.


The features of the Prototype created are:

photo: Gina Kaltipli, Further Arts
  • The design privileges place-based (or localised, locative, or local) intangible cultural heritage (ICH), without excluding physical objects and artefacts.

  • The physical object itself is the output of dynamic processes of ICH (in other words: creative currency.)

  • The functions (the rules, the codes, the laws) of digital provenance are performed by the people of Ambae eg. through the production of woven pandanus mats which are patterned with traditional dyes.

  • The system does not exist to create assets for speculation on the Crypto markets, but to mirror and support the logic underpinning forms of creativity indigenous to Ambae eg. creating value through the weaving of pandanus mats.

  • The value created is an emergent currency, which requires no Reserve Bank or Mint. It facilitates the distributed allocation of resources and is operated by participants in the community.


A cascade network for culture and knowledge to enable Self-sovereign Co-operatively owned infrastructure


The design of this system allows for value to be attached to cultural products in ways that are being defined and determined locally (i.e by the Ambae people). The details of how this value exchange would be set up is community driven and there is flexibility inscribed which allows choices to be made around what to share and what not to share. For example, it is possible for the community to decide to release digital traceable objects reflective of craft whilst limiting access to recorded local knowledge, and sharing this with only the community network. 

Choice and consent is the domain of the community: the Cascade Network’s emphasis on local nodes and collaborative workshops is to strengthen the basis for a network of culture and knowledge on the terms and under the direction of the Ambae community.

Community, Ecology and Technology Innovation


The alternative currencies of Vanuatu - the trade of Shell Money on some islands and the pandanus practices indigenous to Ambae - encode a rich historical understanding of innovating value systems. The Cascade meets what already thrives on the islands with collaborative workshops and technical support so that community knowledge is supported to direct the logic and design of a digital system to facilitate flows of cultural value.

Technology networks can potentially give formalised support to vastly extend the reach of cultural creativity. Defining how value will be organised is a creative act and belongs to the community of Ambae. The project seeks to support this sensitively through the Cascade Network’s partners Further Arts and the decades of experience facilitating community meetings and creativity. 


Blog Posts




a journey in co-creating

photo: Gina Kaltipli, Further Arts

The Dung Verei Festival 
2018

photo: Gina Kaltipli, Further Arts
The Dung Verei Festival is intended to be a platform for the performance of traditional customary activities known locally as kastom) including music, dance, food preparation, etc.  For the integration of community into the design of value networks and communication structures this is a key meeting. 

A media team - headed by Vanuatu media practioners who are working with the Ambae community through Further Arts - will attend this meeting to record stories and create media in October 2018.

In the first trip recording shell money interviews Delly and Sarah discovered a connection to the continuing practice of shell money production in the Solomon Islands - and also a kinship connections between the Gaua community and the Solomon Islands community (as confirmed by Chief Polwyn).

Taking forward these finding from the initial Shell Money interviews, we have applied for funding for a small group of people from Gaua, representives from Santo and also the Solomon Islands to a meeting on the revival of shell money at the Dung Verei Festival, held in conjunction with TORBA Day (Oct 1-2). The opportunity to support space for communities from the more remote island of Ureparapara - custodians of a slightly different lineage of shell money production - as well as others from Vanua Lava, and Mota Lava to communicate around Shell Money practices is valuable.

An invitation was also made to a delegation from the Tulalip community in the North West Pacific and WISN based in Hawaii.